Mercedes-Benz 170 H (W28)

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In 1936, in parallel to the classical front-engine Mercedes-Benz 170 V, Daimler-Benz AG introduced the Mercedes-Benz 170 H which had the same engine as the 170 V, with an architecture derived from the one of the 130, its predecessor.

The 170 H was powered by a four-cylinder 1697 cc engine with a power of 38 PS (28 kW). The “H” stood for “Heckmotor”, or rear engine.

The car was significantly more expensive than the 170 V (two-door sedan 170 V – 3750 RM, 170 H – 4350 RM) but offered much less room in the trunk, a much louder engine and poor handling (though it handled better than the 130). It was however more comfortably equipped and was therefore considered as a “finer” car, but sold less well than the 170 V. Apart from the sedan, there was still a convertible sedan. Production stopped in 1939 due to the War and the low demand.

Forty years later a company spokesman suggested that the car’s relative lack of commercial success was caused by the rear mounting of the engine and the resulting absence of the “characteristic Mercedes-Benz tall radiator”.[10] The same spokesman was at pains to highlight the similarity of the car’s overall architecture and some of its detailing to that of the later highly successful Volkswagen Beetle: it was pointed out that Dr Porsche, creator of the Volkswagen, had been chief engineer at Daimler-Benz between 1923 and 1932 when the little rear-engined Mercedes-Benz sedans were under development.

Because these cars, unlike front-engined sister models, were not widely used, and also not suitable for conversion to wood gas generator, they were not confiscated by the Wehrmacht. Therefore an above-average number of models survived in private hands without damage due to the war, but most were used to exhaustion in the early post-war years. Today, these cars remain among the rarest and most sought-after Mercedes-Benz models.

In addition, engineers Karl Schlör and Krauss Maffei used the 170H chassis to build a pod-like streamliner called the Schlörwagen (nicknamed “Egg” or “Pillbug”). In wind tunnel tests done before the Second World War, it demonstrated the astonishing drag coefficient of only 0.113.[12] It was displayed at the 1939 Berlin Auto Show; its fate is unknown.

Fonte: Wikipedia

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